Seville´s origins date back to the 8th century B.C. when it was a strategic point of exchange between Iberians and colonizing people, such as the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, falling into Roman hands during the second Punic War. One of the city´s first names – Hispalis – was given by Julius Caesar, who surrounded it with defensive walls and so provided Seville with the same rights and duties as Rome.
For those who would like to extend their knowledge about the ancient Seville, I propose a visit to the Archaeological Museum located today in the Renaissance Pavilion of the 29th Ibero-American Exhibition in the south of the Maria Luisa Park. It is among the most important collections in Spain and focused, thanks to the finds from Itálica on the Roman period. Moreover, the "Treasure of Carambolo", which consists of outstanding decorative gold items discovered near Seville from the 8th century B.C., is highly recommended and considered the culmination of the permanent exhibition.